History of Mauritania

Mauritania has a long history that dates back to ancient times when the region was part of various African kingdoms and empires. The area has been influenced by cultural and trade exchanges with other peoples throughout the centuries.
In the Middle Ages, the Maury Kingdom, the Serengeti Kingdom, and the Mauritanian-Moorish Empire flourished. The region was also influenced by Islam and became one of the most important centers of Islamic preaching in North Africa.

France occupied Mauritania in the early 20th century and administered it as part of the French colonial empire in West Africa until it regained its independence on November 28, 1960.

Population & culture

Mauritania has a population of approximately 4.5 million people. It enjoys significant cultural diversity, with various tribes and ethnic groups, including Arab, Berber, Moors, Fulani, and others. These tribes are known for their distinct traditions and different languages.

Islam is the main religion in Mauritania, and the vast majority of the population follows the Sunni Maliki school of thought. Mauritanians consider themselves a Muslim people and adhere to Islamic traditions and values, preserving their Islamic heritage.


The Mauritanian economy is primarily dependent on agriculture, livestock, and mineral extraction. The vast Sahara Desert constitutes a significant portion of the wilderness areas in Mauritania, and development and agriculture face challenges due to the harsh conditions in the desert.

Indeed, mining industries are among the most important economic sectors in Mauritania, as the country possesses vast reserves of minerals such as iron ore, gold, and copper. The National Industrial and Mining Company (SNIM) is one of the world's largest producers of iron ore.


Mauritania faces several challenges, including poverty, unemployment, and an unequal distribution of wealth. The government and international organizations are working to improve infrastructure and increase economic opportunities for the population.

Indeed, Mauritania also faces challenges in the field of human rights, including issues of racial discrimination, forced labor, and human trafficking. These are critical issues that require attention and efforts to address and protect the rights and dignity of all individuals in the country.


Indeed, Mauritania is one of the emerging tourist destinations in Africa, attracting travelers with its wild natural beauty and rich traditional culture. Tourists can enjoy exploring the desert, sand dune hopping, and visiting markets and historical sites in cities like Nouakchott and others. The country offers a unique and captivating experience for those seeking adventure and cultural immersion.

These are some basic facts about Mauritania. The country has a rich history and culture and is considered one of the unique destinations to explore African history and heritage.